The Global Action Plan (GAP) has the power to transform the future of awareness, prevention and diagnosis, care and treatment of, and research for, dementia.
However, more governments need to develop National Dementia Plans or strategies that are fully funded, adopted and monitored. On this page, you can find frequently asked questions around the GAP and National Dementia Plans.
What is dementia?
Dementia is a collective name for brain syndromes which affect memory, thinking, behaviour and emotion. The most well-known form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease, which accounts for 50-60% of all cases.
Other forms of dementia include vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies and fronto-temporal dementia.
Symptoms may include loss of memory, difficulty in finding the right words or understanding what people are saying, difficulty in performing previously routine tasks, personality changes and more.
What is a National Dementia Plan (NDP)?
A National Dementia Plan (NDP) is a formal plan that a government adopts to try and improve progress in key areas around dementia, including diagnosis, research, reducing the risk of developing dementia, care, treatment and support, with the key aim of improving the lives of people living with dementia.
NDPs are tailored to each country’s culture and socio-demographic and are developed with the help of those who are key leaders in dementia, including those with lived experience of the condition, Alzheimer and dementia associations, carers and other experts.
Through this designed framework, which is made up of seven action areas, they can collectively address a range of issues, including: improvement of health, social and post-diagnostic care; promotion of public awareness of dementia, public health efforts for promoting brain health and risk reduction strategies, and more.
In countries without plan, the national Alzheimer or dementia association should advocate for a plan and work with governments to formulate and implement one.
Annually, ADI publishes a comprehensive policy report, titled From Plan to Impact, which presents an overview of the national efforts to address dementia worldwide. The report offers a detailed examination of the global progress made towards achieving the goals of the Global Action Plan on the public health response to Dementia 2017-2025.
Why is it so important?
A fundamental principle underpinning the Global Action Plan is that people living with dementia should be able to live to the best of their ability and with dignity.
By agreeing to implement a NDP, countries have committed to improving the lives of people living with dementia, their families and the wider communities in their country.
However, only 39 WHO Member States currently have a NDP or some type of dementia strategy, which means there is not much time left to meet the 2025 target.